Caroline BOUVET DE LA MAISONNEUVE
My long term goals are to shed light on the combinations of processes and physical parameters that govern the magnitudes and styles of eruptions, and to enhance our ability to interpret geophysical and geodetic monitoring signals in terms of magmatic processes. The development of increasingly precise geophysical monitoring tools has led to progress in the field of eruption forecasting, but predicting the size and vigor of an eruption remains a major challenge in the assessment of risks. The vast majority of active volcanoes display wide ranges in eruption styles over long and short time scales, from effusive lava flows or dome growth to explosive Strombolian, Vulcanian, or Plinian eruptions.
My main research interests, therefore, focus on:
What processes control the magnitude and style of a given eruption?
How and why do these controlling factors change from one eruptive center to the next?
Why does the magnitude and style vary from eruption to eruption at a same volcano?
In addition, the fact of addressing these questions may also bring elements of response to more petrology-based problems such as: How to reconcile the plutonic and volcanic record? How and where do magmas differentiate (e.g. assimilation vs. fractional crystallization)? How do the transport, accumulation, and differentiation of magma affect the formation of continental crust?
- 2007–2011 PhD thesis at the University of Geneva. Petrologic and numerical modeling study of Strombolian eruption dynamics at Volcán Llaima (Chile), under the co-supervision of Prof. M.A. Dungan (University of Geneva), Prof. O. Bachmann (University of Washington, Seattle), and Dr. A. Burgisser (ISTO, CNRS-Orléans). Accessible online here.
- 2005-2007 MSc. thesis at the University of Geneva. Characterization of juvenile pyroclasts from the Kos Plateau Tuff (Aegean Arc): insights into the eruptive dynamics of a large rhyolitic eruption, under the supervision of Dr. Olivier Bachmann (University of Geneva).
- 2002-2005 Bachelors in Earth Sciences degree at University of Geneva
Caldera Cycles and implications for the Kos-Nisyros Volcanic Complex (Greece). Elsevier ebooks. (2016).
Do olivines faithfully record magmatic events?. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. 171(56), (2016).
How do olivines record magmatic events? Insights from major and trace element zoning. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. 171(6), (2016).
Mafic magma replenishment, unrest and eruption in a caldera setting: insights from the 2006 eruption of Rabaul (Papua New Guinea). Geological Society, London, Special Publications. 422(1), 17-39. (2015).
Permeability measurements of Campi Flegrei pyroclastic products: an example from the Campanian ignimbrite and Monte Nuovo eruptions. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 272, 16-22. (2014).
Petrological insights into the storage conditions, and magmatic processes that yielded the centennial 2010 Merapi explosive eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 261, 209-235. (2013).
Insights into shallow magma storage and crystallization at Volcan Llaima (Andean Southern Volcanic Zone, Chile). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 211-ì212, 76-91. (2012).
Petrological Insights into Shifts in Eruptive Styles at Volcan Llaima (Chile). Journal of Petrology. (2012).
Characterization of juvenile pyroclasts from the Kos Plateau Tuff (Aegean Arc): insights into the eruptive dynamics of a large rhyolitic eruption. Bulletin of Volcanology. 71, 643-658. (2009).