Assessing the potential for future explosive activity from Teide-Pico Viejo stratovolcanoes (Tenerife, Canary Islands)

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Volume 178, Number 3, p.529-542 (2008)

ISBN:

0377-0273

Accession Number:

WOS:000261967000013

Abstract:

Since the onset of their eruptive activity within the Canadas caldera. about 180 ka ago, Teide-Pico Viejo stratovolcanoes have mainly produced lava flow eruptions of basaltic to phonoltic magmas. The products from these eruptions partially fill the caldera, and the adjacent Icod and La Orotava valleys, to the north. Although less frequent, explosive eruptions have also occurred at these composite volcanoes. In order to assess the possible evolution Teide-Pico Viejo stratovolcanoes and their potential for future explosive activity, we have analysed their recent volcanic history, assuming that similar episodes have the highest probability of occurrence in the near future. Explosive activity during the last 35000 years has been associated with the eruption of both, mafic (basalts, tephro-phonolites) and felsic (phono-tephrites and phonolites) magmas and has included strombolian, violent strombolian and sub-plinian magmatic eruptions, as well as phreatomagmatic eruptions of mafic magmas. Explosive eruptions have occurred both from central and flank vents, ranging in size from 0.001 to 0.1 km(3) for the mafic eruptions and from 0.01 to <1 km(3) for the phonolitic ones. Comparison of the Teide-Pico Viejo stratovolcanoes with the previous cycles of activity from the central complex reveals that all them follow a similar pattern in the petrological evolution but that there is a significant difference in the eruptive behaviour of these different periods of central volcanism on Tenerife. Pre-Teide central activity is mostly characterised by large-volume (1 -> 20 km(3), DRE) eruptions of phonolitic magmas while Teide-Pico Viejo is dominated by effusive eruptions. These differences can be explained in terms of the different degree of evolution of Teide-Pico Viejo compared to the preceding cycles and, consequently, in the different pre-eruptive conditions of the corresponding phonolitic magmas. A clear interaction between the basaltic and phonolitic systems is observed from the products of phonolitic eruptions, indicating that basaltic magmatism is the driving force of the phonolitic eruptive activity. The magmatic evolution of Teide-Pico Viejo stratovolcanoes will continue in the future with a probably tendency to produce a major volume of phonolitic magmas, with an increasing explosive potential. Therefore, the explosive potential of Teide-Pico Viejo cannot be neglected and should be considered in hazard assessment on Tenerife. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Notes:

Marti, J. Geyer, A. Andujar, J. Teixido, F. Costa, F.