|Title||The discovery of a conjugate system of faults in the Wharton Basin intraplate deformation zone|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Hananto ND, Qin Y, Leclerc F, Avianto P, Tapponnier P, Carton H, Wei S, Nugroho AB, Gemilang WA, Sieh KE, Barbot S|
The deformation at well-defined, narrow plate boundaries depends on the relative plate motion, but how the deformation takes place within a distributed plate boundary zone remains a conundrum. This was confirmed by the seismological analyses of the 2012 great Wharton Basin earthquakes [moment magnitude (Mw) 8.6], which suggested the rupture of several faults at high angles to one another. Using high-resolution bathymetry and seismic reflection data, we report the discovery of new N294°E-striking shear zones, oblique to the plate fabric. These shear zones are expressed by sets of normal faults striking at N335°E, defining the direction of the principal compressional stress in the region. Also, we have imaged left-lateral strike-slip faults along reactivated N7°E-oriented oceanic fracture zones. The shear zones and the reactivated fracture zones form a conjugate system of faults, which accommodate present-day intraplate deformation in the Wharton Basin.