Earthquake risk on the Sunda trench

TitleEarthquake risk on the Sunda trench
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsNalbant S S, Steacy S, Sieh KE, Natawidjaja DH, McCloskey J
JournalNature
Volume435
Pagination756-757
Date PublishedJun
ISBN Number0028-0836
Accession NumberWOS:000229638700037
Abstract

On 28 March 2005 the Sunda megathrust in Indonesia ruptured again, producing another great earthquake three months after the previous one. The rupture was contiguous with that of the December 2004 Sumatra–Andaman earthquake, and is likely to have been sparked by local stress, although the triggering stresses at its hypocentre were very small — of the order of just 0.1 bar. Calculations show that stresses imposed by the second rupture have brought closer to failure the megathrust immediately to the south, under the Batu and Mentawai islands, and have expanded the area of increased stress on the Sumatra fault. Palaeoseismologic studies show that the Mentawai segment of the Sunda megathrust is well advanced in its seismic cycle and is therefore a good candidate for triggered failure.

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