New insight into a volcanic system: Analogue investigation of bubble‐driven deformation in an elastic conduit

TitleNew insight into a volcanic system: Analogue investigation of bubble‐driven deformation in an elastic conduit
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsManta F, Emadzadeh A, Taisne B
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Date Published10/2019
Abstract

Analogue and numerical simulations have been widely used to describe the mechanisms of bubble and slug ascent during volcanic eruptions as well as their formation and explosion mechanisms. Nevertheless, little is known about the mechanical interaction between the fluid and the surrounding medium. In this work, we report the results from analogue experiments designed to show how deformation of the conduit walls induced by the rising slugs is related to the radiation and propagation of seismic and geodetic signals. For the first time, we investigate the dynamics of bubbles in an elastic conduit unveiling the relationship between slugs and crustal strain accumulation around the conduit. Moreover, we discuss the retroactive effects of the deformed conduit wall on the dynamics of a rising slug, particularly, how the flow is affected, and the eventual implications on the intensity of the eruption. Our results show that the combination of an elastic conduit with a large volume of gas may lead to the development of a new type of slug, here defined as a “super slug”, characterized by tapering towards the tail and a much higher ascent velocity and inner pressure compared with ordinary slugs. This newly observed behavior could be linked to vigorous explosive events.

DOI10.1029/2019JB017665