Processing of volcano infrasound using film sound audio post-production techniques to improve signal detection via array processing

TitleProcessing of volcano infrasound using film sound audio post-production techniques to improve signal detection via array processing
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsWilliams RA, Perttu A, Taisne B
JournalGeoscience Letters
Volume7
Date Published07/2020
Abstract

The use of infrasound for the early detection of volcanic events has been shown to be effective over large distances, and unlike visual methods, is not weather dependent. Signals recorded via an infrasound array often have a poor signal to noise ratio, as other sources of infrasound are detected and recorded along with the volcano infrasound. Array processing software does not always detect known volcanic events, in part because of the amount of noise in the infrasound signal (Taisne et al., in: Pichon, Blanc, Hauchecorne (eds) Infrasound monitoring for atmospheric studies: challenges in middle atmosphere dynamics and societal benefits. Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2019). Resampling the infrasound into the audible range and then applying the acoustic noise reduction techniques of spectral subtraction prior to array processing is shown to improve signal detection of volcanic events. The discussed technique is applicable to any infrasound signal such as infrasound from anthropogenic sources like nuclear testing.

DOI10.1186/s40562-020-00158-4