|Title||Secondary aerosol formation promotes water uptake by organic-rich wildfire haze particles in equatorial Asia|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Chen J, Budisulistiorini S H, Miyakawa T, Komazaki Y, Kuwata M|
|Journal||Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics|
The diameter growth factor (GF) of 100 nm haze particles at 85% relative humidity (RH) and their chemical characteristics were simultaneously monitored at Singapore in October 2015 during a pervasive wildfire haze episode that was caused by peatland burning in Indonesia. Non-refractory submicron particles (NR-PM1) were dominated by organics (OA; approximating 77.1% in total mass), whereas sulfate was the most abundant inorganic constituent (11.7% on average). A statistical analysis of the organic mass spectra showed that most organics (36.0% of NR-PM1 mass) were highly oxygenated. Diurnal variations of GF, number fractions of more hygroscopic mode particles, mass fractions of sulfate, and mass fractions of oxygenated organics (OOA) synchronized well, peaking during the day. The mean hygroscopicity parameter (kappa) of the haze particles was 0.189 +/- 0.087, and the mean kappa values of organics were 0.157 +/- 0.108 (kappa(org), bulk organics) and 0.266 +/- 0.184 (kappa(OOA), OOA), demonstrating the important roles of both sulfate and highly oxygenated organics in the hygroscopic growth of organics-dominated wildfire haze particles. kappa(org) correlated with the water-soluble organic fraction insignificantly, but it positively correlated with f(44) (fraction of the ion fragment at m/z 44 in total organics) (R = 0.70), implying the oxygenation degree of organics could be more critical for the water uptake of organic compounds. These results further suggest the importance of sulfate and secondary organic aerosol formation in promoting the hygroscopic growth of wildfire haze particles. Further detailed size-resolved as well as molecular-level chemical information about organics is necessary for the profound exploration of water uptake by wildfire haze particles in equatorial Asia.